# Axiom:Neighborhood Space Axioms

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## Axioms

A neighborhood space is a set $S$ such that, for each $x \in S$, there exists a set of subsets $\NN_x$ of $S$ satisfying the following conditions:

\((\text N 1)\) | $:$ | There exists at least one element in $\NN_x$ | \(\ds \forall x \in S:\) | \(\ds \NN_x \ne \O \) | ||||

\((\text N 2)\) | $:$ | Each element of $\NN_x$ contains $x$ | \(\ds \forall x \in S:\) | \(\ds \forall N \in \NN_x: x \in N \) | ||||

\((\text N 3)\) | $:$ | Each superset of $N \in \NN_x$ is also in $\NN_x$ | \(\ds \forall x \in S: \forall N \in \NN_x:\) | \(\ds N' \supseteq N \implies N' \in \NN_x \) | ||||

\((\text N 4)\) | $:$ | The intersection of $2$ elements of $\NN_x$ is also in $\NN_x$ | \(\ds \forall x \in S: \forall M, N \in \NN_x:\) | \(\ds M \cap N \in N_x \) | ||||

\((\text N 5)\) | $:$ | There exists $N' \subseteq N \in \NN_x$ which is $\NN_y$ of each $y \in N'$ | \(\ds \forall x \in S: \forall N \in \NN_x:\) | \(\ds \exists N' \in \NN_x, N' \subseteq N: \forall y \in N': N' \in \NN_y \) |

These stipulations are called the **neighborhood space axioms**.

Each element of $\NN_x$ is called a **neighborhood** of $x$.

## Also see

## Sources

- 1975: Bert Mendelson:
*Introduction to Topology*(3rd ed.) ... (previous) ... (next): Chapter $3$: Topological Spaces: $\S 3$: Neighborhoods and Neighborhood Spaces: Definition $3.4$